Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Home: Chicago

Library's Homepage

Instructions for Citing in Chicago 17th ed.

  • Insert a footnote for each direct quote and paraphrased sentence/paragraph.  The footnote will appear at the bottom of the page.
  • Footnotes found on the page should be under the line on the same page.
  • The first footnote should be the complete citation, single spaced (see below for examples of database, website, and book articles) Double space between citations.
  • Subsequent footnotes are an abbreviated version of the citation (either title in quotes or author’s last name).
  • In the footnote, put the author’s first name and then last name.  But in the Bibliography, put the last name, first.
  • For websites, for the footnote, put a comma after the website title, then lowercase accessed.  For the Bibliography, put a period after the website title and capitalize Accessed.
  • If two footnotes fall together in a row and it’s from a book and have different page numbers, you can either use the abbreviated version or Ibid, page number.
  • Go: for help.


Sample Bibliography


“About Woodstock.” Woodstock. Accessed January 30, 2018.


Harris, Nathaniel, and J. M. Roberts. The Sixties : An Illustrated History in Colour, 1960-70. London: Macdonald Educational, 1975.

"Woodstock Music Festival Epitomizes the 1960s, August 15, 1969-August 17, 1969." In Historic U.S. Events. Detroit: Gale, 2012. U.S. History in Context (accessed January 30, 2018).

T - Times New Roman 12 point font.
A - Alphabetize
D - Double space between entries
I - Indent second and subsequent lines.