I took notes which
__ related directly to my topic
__ contain subtopics and words which identifying the source
__ answer most of my questions
__ paraphrase or summarize the source
__ are in my own words
__ put quotes around the author's words
__ have citations that I put in my Easybib.com account
You may only use the provided note taking sheet. You will handwrite your notes and fill out the "source" cards completely.
“How do I put what I'm reading into my own words?”
Quotes, Paraphrases, and Summaries
There are three ways to take notes:
“What is Plagiarism?”
To "plagiarize" is to present someone else's writing or ideas as your own. One way is to copy something word for word without using quotation marks. Another way is when you substitite a word or two in a sentence, but the phrasing is mostly intact. But you also plagiarize when you use someone's ideas without giving them credit. When you don't cite your sources, you tell the audience that YOU came up with these ideas.
To give credit, you need parenthetical citations and the source needs to be listed at the end of your paper in a “Works Cited” (MLA format).
“But I didn't mean to plagiarize!”
Students sometimes plagiarize unintentionally. You know that copying and pasting from the Internet is plagiarism. But plagiarism also includes:
Even if you don’t use a direct quotation, you still need to cite the source. In fact, anything not considered common knowledge, needs a citation.
Rule of thumb: If you didn't know it before you read it, then it isn't "common knowledge."
From Purdue University's OWL site:
The original passage:
Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper. Probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter. Lester, James D. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed. (1976): 46-47.
A plagiarized version:
Students often use too many direct quotations when they take notes, resulting in too many of them in the final research paper. In fact, probably only about 10% of the final copy should consist of directly quoted material.
This is a common example of plagiarism. The student just changed certain words. For example, "overuse" is replaced with "use too many.” This is considered plagiarism because the student is using the exact meaning and sentence structure of the author. The student also did not provide a parenthetical citation.
An acceptable paraphrase:
In research papers, students often rely too much on quotations. No more than 10% of a research paper should be quoted material. Since the problem usually originates during note taking, it is essential for students to use their own words. (Lester 46-47).
An acceptable summary:
Students should note just a few direct quotes to help minimize the amount of quoted material in a research paper (Lester 46-47).