The General APA Style paper has three basic sections with Level 1 Headings (see box to the right under References):
Abstract (if required)
Level 2 Headings are used for organizational purposes. Use these to separate your paper into parts.
Use Level 3 Headings, etc. to further separate and organize.
Note: Your teacher may ask you to answer specific questions and apply your knowledge. Use those as Level 2 Headings.
Case studies would use the General Style with a Level 2 Heading for Case Study.
The Literature Review in APA Style has all of the above sections and uses Level 2 Headings to categorize what you have read into topic areas. For example, if you were to write a Literature Review about five articles you read, you would find commonalities between them and use those for your Level 2 Headings, not the article titles.
The Scientific Report in APA Style uses the General APA Level 1 Headings above AND the following Level 1:
Note: This is not exhaustive. For example, you may also include an Appendix after the References page (Level 1 Heading) and a Literature Review (Level 2 Heading). See your teachers for details on how they would like to see you organize your work.
No more "Running Head" for student papers.
Changes in Title Page (see Sample).
"They" can be used as a singular pronoun.
Use more sensitive language to describe people or groups of people.
Use only ONE space after a period.
In-Text Citation: All sources with three authors or more are now attributed using the last name of the first author followed by “et al.”
In References: If you have one source, state as Reference. Up to 20 authors should now be included in a reference list entry.
Digital object identifiers (DOIs) and URLs are now both presented as hyperlinks for electronic sources. Do not include the word: DOI.
“Retrieved from” (preceding the URL) is now only used when a retrieval date is necessary.
The publisher location is no longer included for books.
The website name is included (unless it’s the same as the organization), and web page titles are italicized.
Font options now include Calibri 11, Arial 11, Lucida Sans Unicode 10, Times New Roman 12, and Georgia 11.
ABC Science News. (2013, July 15). Broken tooth in dinosaur’s tail proves T-rex hunted live prey. Australian Broadcast Corporation. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-07-16/broken-tooth-in-dino-tale-proves-t-rex-ate-meat
Banks, C., & Cicero, E. (2017). The unnecessary suffering of the T-rex: More dental care is needed. Paleontologist Today, 22(7), 254–277. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3456789
Brinks, M. (2017). The heterodonty of Albertosaurus sarcophagus and Tyrannosaurus rex: biomechanical implications inferred through 3-D models. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 47(9), 1253+. https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A240703048/GPS?u=mlin_c_montytech&sid=GPS&xid=6633cac2
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2020, April 13). Tyrannosaurus rex dentist : Occupational outlook handbook. https://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/dental-assistants.htm
DinoDentist. (n.d.). Dinosaur World requires new fleet of professionals including a T-rex dentist. Dinosaur Dental Professional. Retrieved June 11, 2020, from http://www.dinodentist.com/dinosaurworld/news
Dinosaur Dental Health. (n.d.). Retrieved June 11, 2020, from http://dinosaurdentalhealth.com/updates
Erickson, G. M., Kirk, S. D. V., Su, J., Levenston, M. E., Caler, W. E., & Carter, D. R. (2019). Bite-force estimation for Tyrannosaurus rex from tooth-marked bones. Nature, 382(6593), 706–708. https://doi.org/10.1038/382706a0
International Association of Dinosaur Dentists. (2020). Student loan debt for T-rex dentists. IADD. http://iadd.com/studentloandebt
Larson, P. L., & Carpenter, K. (2008). Tyrannosaurus rex, the tyrant king. Indiana University Press.
Simon, P. (Ed.). (2019). T-rex health and care throughout the years. Crown.
Simpson, R. L. (2019). Several T-rexes found unresponsive at Dinosaur World. Dinosaur Monthly, 16(4), 55. https://doi.org/10.5703/128828431
Wilde, O. (2020). Annual salary for T-rex dentists. Paleontology Dental Association.
APA Style uses a headings system to separate and classify paper sections. Headings are used to help guide the reader through a document. The levels are organized by levels of subordination, and each section of the paper should start with the highest level of heading.
Centered, Boldface, Title Case Heading - Text starts a new paragraph.
Flush left, Boldface, Title Case Heading - Text starts a new paragraph.
Flush Left, Boldface Italic, Title Case Heading - Text starts a new paragraph.
Indented, Boldface Title Case Heading. Ends with a Period. Paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.
Indented, Boldface Italic, Title Case Heading. Ends with a Period. Paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.
Photographer, P. (Year of publication). Title of photograph [Photograph]. Source. URL
O’Shea, P. (2010, August 29). Rescued hedgehog. [Photograph]. Flickr. http://flickr.com/photos/peteoshea/5476076002/
If the photographer is not listed, the citation would read as thus:
Rescued hedgehog [Photograph]. (2010, August 29). http://flickr.com/photos/peteoshea/5476076002/
If the date was also not listed, the citation would read as thus:
Rescued hedgehog [Photograph]. (n.d.). http://flickr.com/photos/peteoshea/5476076002/
If there is no title for the photograph, describe in brackets. The citation would read as thus:
[Rescued hedgehog] [Photograph]. (n.d.). http://flickr.com/photos/peteoshea/5476076002/
If it's not a photograph, then describe exactly what type of image it is: digital image, cartoon, painting, drawing, etc.