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The C.A.P. Method:

How do you evaluate information found online? 

Use the C.R.A.P. Method:


  • How recent is the information?
  • How recently has the website been updated?
  • Is it current enough for your topic?


  • What kind of information is included in the resource?
  • Does the creator provide references or sources for data or quotations?
  • Are the references to credible sources?  Or made up or unreliable sources?


  • Who is the creator or author?
  • What are the credentials? Can you find any information about the author's background?
  • Who is the published or sponsor?
  • Are they reputable?
  • What is the publisher's interest (if any) in this information?
  • Are there advertisements on the website? If so, are they cleared marked?

Purpose/Point of View

  • Is this fact or opinion? Does the author list sources or cite references?
  • Is it biased? Does the author seem to be trying to push an agenda or particular side?
  • Is the creator/author trying to sell you something? If so, is it clearly stated?

Search Google Smarter

For Currency:  Go to Search tools: “Any time” and choose a time frame for results.

For Authority and Point of View:  Use Advanced Search: Choose by DOMAIN: Type in .edu or .gov

Subject Guide

Jennifer Jourdain's picture
Jennifer Jourdain
Montachusett Regional Voc Tech School
1050 Westminster Street
Fitchburg, MA 01420
(978) 345-9200 x5125

The Slide Show

Resource Source Evaluation Sheet

Independent Task

Using the C.R.A.P. worksheet, please evaluate the following two websites:

The Danger of Using Solar Panels

The Costs and Incentives for Installing Solar Panels